|About Mental Illness|
Mental illness is a term that refers to all the different types of mental disorders, including disorders of thought, mood, or behavior. To be classified as a mental illness, the condition must cause distress and result in a reduced ability to function psychologically, socially, occupationally, or interpersonally.
This means that someone who has a mental illness may have trouble coping with emotions, stress and anger, for instance; and trouble handling such things as daily activities, family responsibilities, relationships, or work and school responsibilities. A person can have trouble, to a greater or lesser degree, with one area or all of them, and can have more than one type of mental illness at the same time.
Classifications of Mental Illness
Is mental illness simply whatever a culture or society defines it as?
Behaviors that are approved of or frowned upon can vary greatly from culture to culture. But research shows a surprising consistency in the prevalence of serious mental illness across all cultures. Schizophrenia, for instance, occurs in about 1 percent of all populations worldwide. Major depression also has a consistent prevalence in countries around the world. This information supports the idea that serious mental illnesses have a biological basis common to all humans.
Important Facts About Recovery
The best treatments for serious mental illnesses today are highly effective; between 70 and 90 percent of individuals have significant reduction of symptoms and improved quality of life with a combination of pharmacological and psychosocial treatments and supports.
With appropriate effective medication and a wide range of services tailored to their needs, most people who live with serious mental illnesses can significantly reduce the impact of their illness and find a satisfying measure of achievement and independence. A key concept is to develop expertise in developing strategies to manage the illness process.
Early identification and treatment is of vital importance. By ensuring access to the treatment and recovery supports that are proven effective, recovery is accelerated and the further harm related to the course of illness is minimized.